- Research Article
- Open Access
Format-Compliant JPEG2000 Encryption in JPSEC: Security, Applicability, and the Impact of Compression Parameters
EURASIP Journal on Information Security volume 2007, Article number: 094565 (2008)
JPEG2000 encryption has become a widely discussed topic and quite a number of contributions have been made. However, little is known about JPEG2000 compression parameters and their influence on the security and performance of format, compliant encryption schemes. In this work, a thorough analysis of this topic is presented with a focus on format-compliant packet body encryption as sketched in the FCD 15444-8 (JPSEC). A proof for the reversibility of JPSEC format-compliant packet body encryption is given. As format-compliant packet body encryption preserves the JPEG2000 headers, which severely compromises the security, we additionally discuss packet header encryption with a special focus on format compliance and the influence of compression parameters on these schemes.
Furht B, Kirovski D (Eds): Multimedia Security Handbook. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA; 2005.
Uhl A, Pommer A: Image and Video Encryption. From Digital Rights Management to Secured Personal Communication, Advances in Information Security. Volume 15. Springer, New York, NY, USA; 2005.
Engel D, Uhl A: Parameterized biorthogonal wavelet lifting for lightweight JPEG2000 transparent encryption. Proceedings of the ACM Multimedia and Security Workshop, (MM-SEC '05), August 2005, New York, NY, USA 63-70.
Engel D, Uhl A: Secret wavelet packet decompositions for JPEG2000 lightweight encryption. Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '06), May 2006, Toulouse, France 5: 465-468.
Norcen R, Uhl A: Performance analysis of block-based permutations in securing JPEG2000 and SPIHT compression. In Prooceedings of the Visual Communications and Image Processing 2005 (VCIP '05), July 2005, Beijing, China, Proceedings of SPIE Edited by: Li S, Pereira F, Shum H-Y, Tescher AG. 5960: 944-952.
ISO/IEC 15444-8 : Final Committee Draft. Information Technology—JPEG2000 image coding system, part 8: secure JPEG2000. 2004.
ISO/IEC 15444-8 : Information technology—JPEG2000 image coding system, part 8: secure JPEG2000. 2007.
Taubman D, Marcellin MW: JPEG2000—Image Compression Fundamentals, Standards and Practice. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands; 2002.
ISO/IEC 15444-1 : Information technology—JPEG2000 image coding system, part 1: core coding system. 2000.
ISO/IEC 15444-4 : Information technology—JPEG2000 image coding system, part 4: conformance testing. 2004.
Mao Y, Wu M: Security evaluation for communication-friendly encryption of multimedia. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '04), October 2004, Singapore 1: 569-572.
Dufaux F, Wee S, Apostolopoulos J, Ebrahimi T: JPSEC for secure imaging in JPEG2000. In Applications of Digital Image Processing XXVII, August 2004, Proceedings of SPIE Edited by: Tescher IAG. 5558: 319-330.
Apostolopoulos J, Dufaux F, Wee S, Ebrahimi T, Sun Q, Zhang Z: The emerging JPEG2000 security (JPSEC) standard. Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '06), May 2006
ISO/IEC 15444-1 : Final Committee Draft, Information Technology—JPEG2000 image coding system, part 1: core coding system. 2000.
Grosbois R, Gerbelot P, Ebrahimi T: Authentication and access control in the JPEG2000 compressed domain. In Proocedings of the Applications of Digital Image Processing XXIV, July 2001, San Diego, Calif, USA, Proceedings of SPIE Edited by: Tescher AG. 4472: 95-104.
Norcen R, Uhl A: Selective encryption of the JPEG2000 bitstream. In Proceedings of the Communications and Multimedia Security of Lecture Notes on Computer Science, (CMS '03), October 2003, Turin, Italy, Proceedings of the IFIP TC6/TC11 6th Joint Working Conference on Communications and Multimedia Security Edited by: Lioy A, Mazzocchi D. 2828: 194-204.
Dufaux F, Ebrahimi T: Securing JPEG2000 compressed images. In Proocedings of the Applications of Digital Image Processing XXVI, November 2003, Prooceedings of SPIE Edited by: Tescher IAG. 5203: 397-406.
Kiya H, Imaizumi D, Watanabe O: Partial-scrambling of images encoded using JPEG2000 without generating marker codes. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '03), September 2003, Barcelona, Spain 3: 205-208.
Wu M, Mao V: Communication-friendly encryption of multimedia. Proceedings of the IEEE Multimedia Signal Processing Workshop (MMSP '02), December 2002, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, USA
Conan V, Sadourny Y, Thomann S: Symmetric block cipher based protection: Contribution to JPSEC. 2003.ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 N 277
Wu H, Ma D: Efficient and secure encryption schemes for JPEG2000. Proceedings of the 2004 International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP '04), May 2004 5: 869-872.
Wu Y, Deng RH: Compliant encryption of JPEG2000 codestreams. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '04), October 2004, Singapore 2: 3439-3442.
Fang J, Sun J: Compliant encryption scheme for JPEG2000 image code streams. Journal of Electronic Imaging 2006, 15(4):4 pages.
Grangetto M, Magli E, Olmo G: Multimedia selective encryption by means of randomized arithmetic coding. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 2006, 8(5):905-917.
Stütz T, Uhl A: On format-compliant iterative encryption of JPEG2000. Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia (ISM '06), 2006, Los Alamitos, Calif, USA 985-990.
Digital Cinema Initiatives & LLC (DCI) : Digital cinema system specification v1.1. 2007http://www.dcimovies.com/DCI_DCinema_System_Spec_v1_1.pdfhttp://www.dcimovies.com/DCI_DCinema_System_Spec_v1_1.pdf
Liu C, Mandal M: Fast image indexing based on JPEG2000 packet header. Proceedings of the 2001 ACM Workshops on Multimedia: Multimedia Information Retrieval, October 2001, New York, NY, USA, ACM Press 46-49.
Descampe A, Vandergheynst P, De Vleeschouwer C, Macq B: Coarse-to-fine textures retrieval in the JPEG 2000 compressed domain for fast browsing of large image databases. In Proceedings of the Multimedia Content Representation, Classification and Security (MRCS '06), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Volume 4105. Edited by: Günsel IB, Jain AK, Tekalp AM, Sankur B. Springer, New York, NY, USA; 2006:282-289. 10.1007/11848035_38
Tabesh A, Bilgin A, Krishnan K, Marcellin MW: JPEG2000 and motion JPEG2000 content analysis using codestream length information. Proceedings of the Data Compression Conference (DCC '05), March 2005 329-337.
Macq BM, Quisquater J: Cryptology for digital TV broadcasting. Proceedings of the IEEE 1995, 83(6):944-957. 10.1109/5.387094
Uhl A, Obermair Ch: Transparent encryption of JPEG2000 bitstreams. In Proceedings of the EC-SIP-M 2005 (5th EURASIP Conference focused on Speech and Image Processing, Multimedia Communications and Services), 2005, Smolenice, Slovak Republic Edited by: Podhradsky Pet al.. 322-327.
About this article
Cite this article
Engel, D., Stütz, T. & Uhl, A. Format-Compliant JPEG2000 Encryption in JPSEC: Security, Applicability, and the Impact of Compression Parameters. EURASIP J. on Info. Security 2007, 094565 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/94565
- Special Focus
- Encryption Scheme
- Data Security
- JPEG2000 Compression
- Packet Head