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Table 5 The average BER \( \overline {R}_{\mathrm {e}} \) and successful extraction rate Rs after videos are transcoded by YouTube or Vimeo

From: Robust video steganography for social media sharing based on principal component analysis

   YouTube (×10−2) Vimeo (×10−2)
   \( \overline {R}_{\mathrm {e}} \) Rs(1) Rs(2) Rs(3) \( \overline {R}_{\mathrm {e}} \) Rs(1) Rs(2) Rs(3)
480p Fan’s method 8.77 0 0 10 2.73 0 17 90
  Non-PCA method 10.84 0 0 6.7 2.96 0 20 83
  Proposed method 7.68 0 13 33 1.43 10 67 90
720p Fan’s method 4.75 0 0 27 1.82 0 20 100
  Non-PCA method 7.76 0 0 17 1.78 0 20 97
  Proposed method 3.44 0 3 60 0.70 0 70 100
1080p Fan’s method 3.68 0 0 37 1.42 0 37 100
  Non-PCA method 5.13 0 0 30 1.41 0 40 87
  Proposed method 3.20 0 10 67 0.65 0 50 100