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Table 3 Summary of the limited and zero knowledge source identification approaches

From: Media forensics on social media platforms: a survey

Method Cues Methodology Class Media SNs Dataset
[22] PRNU K-medoids clustering Device Image Facebok, Google+, Telegram, WhatsApp SDRG
[28] PRNU Hierarchical clustering Device Image Flickr
[20] PRNU Hybrid clustering Device Image Facebook, WhatsApp VISION
[24] Video file container Hierarchical clustering Device, Model, Brand Video WhatsApp, YouTube VISION
[19] PRNU Consensus clustering Device Image Facebook
[2] Video file container Unsupervised approach (likelihood-ratio framework) Brand Video Facebook, WhatsApp VISION
[21] CNN-based Similarity graph Model Image Reddit