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Table 6 Results from paired-sample t-tests and one-way ANOVA tests for four tool factors. A/B test represents participants who used FindBugs before using VulIntel whereas B/A test represents the opposite

From: Towards the application of recommender systems to secure coding

Paired sample t-Test One-way ANOVA test based on tool order
      A/B test B/A Test
Tool factor t statistic DF p value 95% confidence interval F value Pr(>F) F value Pr(>F)
Helpfulness (Q1) 10.3333 13 1.228e-07 [1.7514, 2.6772] 0.1200 0.735 1.0909 0.3169
Usability (Q2) 6.5655 13 1.81e-05 [1.0064, 1.9936] 2.7000 0.1263 0.2500 0.6261
Secure coding ability (Q3) 7.3202 13 5.83e-06 [1.3091, 2.4052] 1.1707 0.3005 0.0000 1.0000
Adoption (Q4) 6.1085 13 3.729e-05 [1.3389, 2.8040] 2.0769 0.1751 0.2500 0.6261