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Table 7 Summarized experimental results of key approaches to BCSs.

From: A survey on biometric cryptosystems and cancelable biometrics

Author(s)

Applied scheme

Char.

FRR/FAR (%)

Data Set

Key Length

Remarks

Hao et al. [32]

  

0.42/0.0

70 subjects

140-bit

-

 

Fuzzy commitment

Iris

    

Bringer et al. [33]

  

5.62/0.0

ICE 2005 (244 subjects)

40-bit

-

      

pre-alignment,

Clancy et al. [55]

  

20-30/0.0

not given

224-bit

>1 enroll sam.

  

Fingerprints

    

Nandakumar et al. [56]

Fuzzy vault

 

4.0/0.004

FVC2002-DB2 (110 subjects)

128-bit

>1 enroll sam.

  

Iris

5.5/0.0

CASIA v1 (108 subjects)

256-bit

-

Wu et al. [68, 70]

      
  

Palmprint

0.73/0.0

PolyU DB (386 subjects)

292-bit

-

Feng and Wah [21]

  

28.0/1.2

750 subjects

40-bit

 
 

Quantization

Online signature

   

>1 enroll sam.

Vielhauer et al. [22]

  

7.05/0.0

10 subjects

24-bit

 

Monrose et al. [23]

Password-hardening

Voice

> 2.0/2.0

90 subjects

~ 60-bit

-

Teoh et al. [92]

BioHashing

Face

0.0/0.0

ORL-DB/Faces94 (194 subjects)

80-bit

Non-stolen token

 

Multibiometric

Fingerprint

 

MSU-DBI and

  

Nandakumar et al. [106]

  

1.8/0.01

 

224 bits

-

 

Fuzzy Vault

and Iris

 

CASIA v1 (108 subjects)