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Table 4 Experimental results of proposed approaches to CB.

From: A survey on biometric cryptosystems and cancelable biometrics

Authors Char. FRR/FAR Remarks
Non-invertible transforms    
Ratha et al. [140]   15/10- 4 -
  Fingerprint   
Boult et al. [147]   ~ 0.08 EER -
Hammerle-Uhl et al. [138]   1.3 EER -
  Iris   
Zuo et al. [136]   0.005/0 perf. increase
Maiorana et al. [146] Online Sig. 10.81 EER -
Biometric salting    
Savvides et al. [137]   4.64/0 Non-stolen token
Teoh et al. [91] Face 2·10 - 3EER Non-stolen token
Wang et al. [157]   6.68 EER -
Zuo et al. [136]   0.005/< 10 - 3 perf. increase
  Iris   
Ouda et al. [159]   1.3 EER -
Teoh et al. [151] Fingerprint 5.31 EER -
Other CB    
Jeong et al. [161] Face 14 EER -
Tulyakov et al. [162]   25.9/0 -
  Fingerprint   
Ang et al. [164]   4 EER -