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Table 2 Experimental results of proposed fuzzy vault schemes.

From: A survey on biometric cryptosystems and cancelable biometrics

Authors Char. FRR/FAR Remarks
Clancy et al. [55]   20-30/0 Pre-alignment
Nandakumar et al. [56]   4/0.04 -
Uludag et al. [57] Fingerprint 27/0 -
Li et al. [61]   ~7/0 Alignment-free
Nagar et al. [17]   5/0.01 Hybrid BCS
Lee et al. [67]   0.775/0 -
Wu et al. [68] Iris 5.55/0 -
Reddy and Babu et al. [72]   9.8/0 Hardend vault
Wu et al. [70]   0.93/0 -
  Palmprint   
Kumar and Kumar [73]   ~1/0.3 -
Wu et al. [71] Face 8.5/0 -
Kholmatov and Yanikoglu [75] Online Sig. 8.33/2.5 10 subjects