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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Experimental Assessment of the Reliability for Watermarking and Fingerprinting Schemes

EURASIP Journal on Information Security20082008:414962

  • Received: 19 August 2008
  • Accepted: 27 November 2008
  • Published:


We introduce the concept of reliability in watermarking as the ability of assessing that a probability of false alarm is very low and below a given significance level. We propose an iterative and self-adapting algorithm which estimates very low probabilities of error. It performs much quicker and more accurately than a classical Monte Carlo estimator. The article finishes with applications to zero-bit watermarking (probability of false alarm, error exponent), and to probabilistic fingerprinting codes (probability of wrongly accusing a given user, code length estimation).


  • False Alarm
  • Full Article
  • Data Security
  • Monte Carlo Estimator
  • Code Length

Publisher note

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Authors’ Affiliations

TraitemEnt, Modélisation d'Images & CommunicationS (TEMICS), Institut Rennes - Bretagne Atlantique Research Center (INRIA), Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France